Sri Venkateswara Swamy – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – The magnificent temple of Tirumala Tirupati Balaji resides on the top of the hill town Tirumala in Chitoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Lord Venkateshwara, one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu is the main deity of Tirumala temple at Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh. Lord Venkateswara Swamy temple is a famous Vaishnava temple also known as the Vaikundam of Kali Yuga.
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Tirumala Tirupati Balaji is believed to have saved his devotees in Kali Yuga and hence named so. Tirupati Tirumala hills consist of seven peaks which gives name to the temple Lord as the “God of seven hills”. Tirumala Balaji temple is marked to be the richest temple in the world.
History of Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – Tirumala temple was believed to have built in 300 AD. This Balaji temple is constructed in Dravidian Architecture with inscriptions on the sculptures. The inscriptions on the temple are in the languages of Tamil, English and Kannada along with some Sanskrit terms. The kings of Pallavas, Cholas, Pandyas and many other dynasty kings offered lots of wealth and valuables to the Tirupati Temple.
After Krishnadevaraya’s (Vijayanagar King) rule came into existence donations from all around in India grew to a great extent. About 60,000 to 100,000 pilgrims visit the temple every day. There exists a semicircular building through which queues are formed to visit the main God’s shrine.
Eye-Catchy Structures in Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – Three entrances such as Mahadwaram (compound wall), silver entrance (Vendivakili) and golden entrance (Bangaruvakili) are at hand for leading way to the Lord Venkateshwara’s blessings. The pathway from first to second entrance comprise of Anandha Nilayam Vimanam (Gateway tower of three stories) has many mandapams in the middle. Those mandapas include Balipeedam, Dwajastambam, Kshetrapalika statue, Offering(Prasadham) distribution place and few more.
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Along the way to second pradhakshinam is the small shrines of Varadaraja, Narasimha, Bhashyakarulu. A golden well, Ankurarpana Mandapam and donation pot (Hundi) are the other mesmerizing factors of Tirumala temple on the way. Finally Garbagraha will be present which is the main shrine of worship for the devotees. Anandha Nilayam Vimanam is present above Garbagraha bestowing a beautiful appearance.
Admin of The Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple is administrated as well as managed by a trust called the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD). Administrative activities are operated by 18 trusted people in the committee. The annual budget estimate made is around 2800 crores for financial activities for the upcoming year. Added to this, Charitable trusts, Colleges, Medical hospitals, homes, Rehabilitation centres are run by the funds of Tirumala Balaji temple. They do all this as a part of the social activities.
Divinities of the Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – In the Garbagraha, there exist the idols of Lord Venkateswara along with his two spouses. There are three positions on which the three different incarnations of Tirupathi Tirumala Balaji is present.
1. Dhruva beram
Main deity of the temple is called as the Dhruva Beram of Temple is known to be the ultimate power of Tirumala temple. It is at the height of about 8 feets from the ground giving a majestic outlook.
2. Bhoga Srinivasa
Bhoga means pleasures of the world. The 1 foot idol of this form of Tirumala Balaji is present at adjacent left of Dhruva Beram. The deity has a Chakra in hand thereby giving a 45 degree view for the pilgrims.
3. Ugra Srinivasa
Ugra means a kind of anger. Thus this form of Balaji is known as Ugra Srinivasa. This idol is shown to the devotees once in a year to the devotees. Abishegam will be done only for this idol.
4. Utsava Beram
Utsavam means going around the temple to bless people. Utsava Beram has the Lord Malayappa with his spouses Sridevi and Bhudevi who processes around for all the occasions.
5. Bali Beram
Bali Beram has the resemblance of the main Lord of Tirumala Tirupathi. The idol is also called as the Guardian of the temple. This god marks to be the presiding one for all the economic and financial activities carried out.
Famous Practices of Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Hair tonsuring in Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – Hair tonsuring means to clean shave the hair in head to make it bald. People do this as a offering to the Tirumala Balaji as a practice. Tons of hair is collected at the Tirumala hills and they are auctioned every year for beauty uses. The uses may include the hair extensions and also the cosmetic items of ladies.
Thulabaram in Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – Thulabaram is the weighing balance which hangs inside the temple. People used to sit on one side of the instrument and keep their offerings on the other side. Thus they do it as a practice to give donations and offerings which are in equal weight of themselves to the God Tirumala Balaji. This is one of the famous practices followed in that temple. This is done to express pilgrim’s devotion to Lord Venkateswara.
Hundi (donation pot) in Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – Hundi known as the donation pot is damn famous all over the country. Because it is the pot in which lots and lots of money, valuables and offerings are put for showing dedication to god. Lord Venkateswara swamy temple is called the richest temple of the world because of its treasury. This is the only donation pot which receives hundreds of millions of money and valuables in the whole world.
Laddu in Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – Laddu is the world popular prasadham of Tirumala Tirupati temple given to the devotees coming to the temple. It will be big in size so as to satisfy one’s hunger. That laddu is only sold out in Tirupati temple with geographical location tag and hence not permitted to be sold by outsiders. The other Prasadham given along with this laddu are the Puliyogare, curd rice, lemon rice, Muruku, Jilebi, Malhora, sweet pongal,etc. One can enjoy the delicious presents from the temple for every visit.
Darshans in Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sarvadarshanam is a free darshan provided for pilgrims from various parts of the world. Sarvadarshanam literally means “darshan for all”. People will be waiting in a long queue edifice for glancing at the Lord of the temple of Tirupati. On week days it will be open for 20 hours other than that there will be 18 hours of queue edifice opening. The edifice will be comprising of interconnections of different halls for the way to darshan. Free hot drinks, Annaprasadham along with proper medical facility is provided by TTD for the waiting pilgrims.
Divya darshan is all about providing facilities to the pilgrimages of temple of Tirupathi Tirumala. Free bus facility from railway station is availed for the visitors to Alipiri or Srivari Mettu. Along with this accommodation in Pilgrim Amenities Complex is an extra facility. Free services of darshan, meals and tonsuring are given. Divya darshan is a good method of treating thereby satisfying the visitors there.
Seeghra darshanam is introduced to provide way to the pilgrims for getting quick darshanam from the Temple Lord. Advance booking can also be done which is extremely helpful for the tourists. Cost of the ticket is about Rs.300 for a person with two laddus as free granting. Direct advance booking is available from 9.00 AM to 3.00 PM. Online advance booking of special entry darshanam is also on hand through the internet website of www.ttdsevaonline.com or via e-darshan counters.
Rituals – Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple – According to the traditions of Hinduism six rituals should be performed for Lord Vishnu. But in Tirupati Tirumala temple, only three poojas are carried out namely Ushakala Pooja at morning, Madyahna Pooja at noon and Nisi Pooja at night. The Balaji temple is one of the ancient temples and so believed to have great spiritual powers. Only the Vaikhanasa group of people tend to be the priests of Tirumala temple.
Festivals in Balaji Temple – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Brahmaotsavam – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
During the month of October, a grand festival called as Brahmotsavam is celebrated which extends for nine days. It is one of the major festival Tirupati Tirumala Balaji temple. During the festive time of Brahmotsavam, the procession deity is taken for round in four streets surrounding the temple. While taking God will be in different vahanaas(Vehicles). There is a variety of fifteen Vahanaas on which the idol of Lord Malyappa is placed along with his spouses. Out of the fifteen Swarna Rathotsavam(Golden chariot) is very very marvelous to look at. Lakhs of people will be gathered during the Garuda Vahanaa (Eagle vehicle) which is a special one to view.
Vaikunda Ekadesi – Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple
Vaikunda Ekadesi is a big and very famous festival celebrated in Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple. The festive time falls in the Tamil month of Ekadesi. The main belief of the festival is that during that time the doors of Vaikundam(heaven) is believed to have opened for the devotees. There will be around 5 lakh people residing at the temple for darshan. On that day special darshan will be bestowed upon the devotees by letting them in through the special gateway called Sorga Vaasal. Live telecast of the festival is shown in television channels also for the benefit of everyone.